After examining the results of this study, it is clear that frequent panickers
endorsed more irrational beliefs, had higher levels of trait anger, anxiety,
depression, and inward anger expression than non-panickers. Furthermore,
frequent panickers were less able to accurately interpret their internal
sensations than non-panickers. The feeling of helplessness and not being
in control of one's life was also positively related to panic attacks.
In terms of global irrational beliefs (total RBI score), frequent panickers
tended to endorse more irrational beliefs than non-panickers. When one looks
at specific irrational beliefs, the picture changes somewhat. Only five
of the eleven RBI subscales differentiated between frequent and infrequent
panickers and non-panickers, specifically Catastrophizing, Avoidance and
Inertia, Blaming, Future Concerns, and Emotional Control. Frequent panickers
had significantly higher scores on these RBI subscales than non-panickers.
Mean scores for infrequent panickers were not significantly different from
non-panickers on these five subscales. In addition, infrequent panickers
had significantly lower scores on these subscales than frequent panickers,
with the exception of A & I.